October 2011

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Summers gone and it’s time for some history! If you’ve been reading this column for the last year and a half, you probably already have a collection of blues albums. In the off chance you might want some help expanding or starting a collection here are some suggestions by the noted blues historian Rev. Keith Gordon.

The blues may have been born in the Mississippi Delta, but Chicago is the place that the music became a lasting part of American musical culture. With blues music pioneers like Big Bill Broonzy, Tampa Red, and Memphis Minnie blazing the trail for those who would follow, the Windy City became synonymous with not only a style of blues music, but often times with the blues itself. A lot of great songs have come out of the city's long-vibrant blues scene; these are ten of the best Chicago blues songs.

1. Big Bill Broonzy – "Key To The Highway" (1941)

Smart enough to recognize the changes on the horizon; Big Bill Broonzy was one of the few Delta bluesmen to make the successful leap towards the more urbanized Chicago blues sound of the 1930s and '40s. Broonzy's majestic "Key To The Highway," derived from the original piano blues song by Charlie Segar, was recorded in 1941 and has since become a blues standard. Although the best-known version of the song was recorded by Eric Clapton and his Derek and the Dominos band, Little Walter had an R&B chart hit with it in 1958, and it has been recorded by artists like Johnny Winter, Junior Wells, the Rolling Stones, and Freddie King.

2. Buddy Guy – "First Time I Met The Blues" (1960)

Buddy Guy's "First Time I Met The Blues" was more than just another great single release from the Chess Records blues factory, it was a musical statement announcing the guitarist's arrival as a creative force and a musician to be reckoned with on the competitive Chicago blues scene. Guy had recorded a couple of underperforming singles for Cobra Records before he signed with Chess, but the release of "First Time I Met The Blues," with its fiery guitarwork and tortured, Robert Johnson-styled vocals, would kick off a significant half-decade of artistic triumphs for Guy and Chess.

3. Howlin' Wolf – "The Red Rooster"(1961)

Picking just one Howlin' Wolf song as his "best" is a chore when you consider a catalog that hold classic songs like "Moanin' at Midnight," "Smokestack Lightnin'," "Evil," and "Wang Dang Doodle," among many others. Backed by the sublime leads of underrated guitarist Hubert Sumlin, Wolf's reading of Willie Dixon's "The Red Rooster" is a powerful, slow-burn blues with a healthy measure of slide guitar, potent drumming by Sam Lay, and Dixon's low-key upright bass. When it was covered by R&B great Sam Cooke a couple of years later as "Little Red Rooster," it would reach #11 on the Billboard pop chart; the Rolling Stones would score a #1 U.K. hit with the song in 1964.

4. Jimmy Rogers – "Walking By Myself" (1956)

Guitarist Jimmy Rogers isn't nearly as well-known as he should be after spending years apprenticing at the side of the great Muddy Waters during the early-1950s. When Rogers left the Waters band in 1955 to pick up a solo career that he had begun in 1950, he recorded a couple of songs before hitting on "Walking By Myself." An adaptation of a T-Bone Walker song that Rogers had performed on, "Walking By Myself" is a smooth-as-silk fusion of rhythm and blues, with one of Rogers' most soulful vocal performances, Willie Dixon's strutting bassline, and Big Walter Horton's masterful harp accompaniment, which is, at turns, both sultry and spicy.

5. Junior Wells – "You Don't Love Me, Baby" (1965)

When Delmark Records' head Bob Koester recorded Junior Wells' classic album Hoodoo Man Blues, he was trying to capture the sound and feel of a sweaty blues romp at Theresa's Lounge, the South Side blues club where Wells and guitarist Buddy Guy ran the house band. Few songs articulate the Chicago blues sound better than "You Don't Love Me, Baby." With Guy on guitar (billed in the album's credits as "Friendly Chap"), delivering a spry riff and trembling rhythms, Wells' belts out the lyrics in his typically understated style before cutting loose with a short harp solo near the song's end.

6. Koko Taylor – "Wang Dang Doodle" (1965)

Songwriter Willie Dixon didn't like "Wang Dang Doodle," considering it the worst of the hits that he penned for Howlin' Wolf. As for the Wolf, he openly scorned the tune, considering it a "levee camp" song and beneath him, but he recorded it nonetheless and scored a hit. Dixon's dislike of the so-called "party song" didn't stop him from going to the well one more time when he produced Koko Taylor's version of it in 1965. With Taylor's robust pipes joyfully belting out the song's infectious chorus, it would rise to #4 on the Billboard R&B charts and reportedly sell more than a million copies. It has since been covered by everybody from rockers like Ted Nugent and Savoy Brown to the Pointer Sisters and 1990s alt-rock goddess P.J. Harvey.

7. Little Walter – "Juke" (1952)

Little Walter Jacobs was Muddy Waters' harp player during the early-1950s when he recorded "Juke" at the tail-end of a Waters' session for Chess Records. A fluid, swinging instrumental with an easily-recognizable central riff and some tasty six-string fills courtesy of Jimmy Rogers, the song would spend an incredible 20 weeks on the Billboard magazine R&B charts, and hold the number one position in a chokehold for six of those weeks. With the song's success, Little Walter would skate away from the Waters band, steal away Junior Wells' backing band the Aces, and launch a solo career that remains one of the most significant in the Chicago blues.

8. Magic Sam – "That's All I Need" (1967)

Although guitarist Magic Sam, the epitome of the West Side blues sound, recorded some better-known songs – his late-1950s Cobra Records hits like "All Your Love" and "Double Trouble" come to mind – it was his work on the classic 1967 album West Side Soul that cemented Sam's legacy. The album-opening "That's All I Need" is pure soul-blues magic, with impressive Sam Cooke-style vocals and infectious guitars, Sam layering his unique tone on top of Mighty Joe Young's simple but stunningly effective rhythm guitar.

9. Muddy Waters – "Mannish Boy" (1955/1977)

When rock 'n' roll pioneer Bo Diddley recorded "I'm A Man" in early 1955, he "borrowed" somewhat from Muddy Waters' 1951 blues hit "She's Moves Me," and released the song as the B-side to his hit "Bo Diddley." In response, Waters reworked the song as "Mannish Boy," an answer, of sorts, to Diddley's broadside, with a swaggering rhythm and easily-identifiable riff. Waters would record the song again some 20 years later with producer and guitarist Johnny Winter for his 1977 album Hard Again. "Mannish Boy" has been used in half-a-dozen films through the years and has subsequently been recorded by artists as diverse as Jimi Hendrix, Paul Butterfield, Elliott Murphy, and Hank Williams, Jr.

10. Otis Rush – "I Can't Quit You Baby" (1956)

Between 1956 and 1958, guitarist Otis Rush recorded a string of hits for Chicago's Cobra Records label, but it all started with "I Can't Quit You Baby." A slow, powerful twelve-bar blues song written and produced by the great Willie Dixon for Rush, the guitarist was spurred on by Dixon to deliver a passionate performance that has stood for the ages. The song hit #6 on the Billboard R&B chart that year, and would frequently be revisited by Rush throughout the years, recorded in differing versions as the circumstances required. Many other blues and blues-rock artists have also found the song alluring, as John Mayall's Bluesbreakers, Little Milton, Gary Moore, and Led Zeppelin have all recorded "I Can't Quit You Baby."

In future Blues Notes, I will bring you some more histories and more info about performers, concerts in the region and other blues news from around the country.

The next Chippewa Valley Blues Society meeting will be at Pizza Plus / Bottle & Barrel, in downtown Eau Claire 7 p.m. Tuesday, Oct. 11th, hope you can make it.

Thanks for lending me an ear! See ya around!